Employers must ensure that they meet all statutory requirements as laid out in the Health and Safety at Work Act, 1974.
The Local Authority (LA) has a number of Local Codes of Practice (LCoPs) in order to support maintained schools to meet these requirements.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) also provides guidance for education establishments to support them manage significant risks for children, students and members of staff. It also provides a breakdown of the roles and responsibilities of employers, governors, school leaders and staff.
Like all employers, childcare and early years providers, have a legal duty to manage the health and safety of the premises they operate from. The Health and Safety Executive provides a wide range of guidance and support including:
The Health and Safety Team provide comprehensive and timely information, advice and support to assist the School and its Governors in achieving compliance in all matters relating to Health and Safety to ensure that at all times, the school remains a safe environment.
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At least one person who has a current paediatric first aid certificate must be on the premises at all times when children are present, and must accompany children on outings. First aid training must be relevant for workers caring for young children. Childminders, and any assistant who might be in sole charge of the children for any period of time, must hold a current paediatric first aid certificate. For settings, we recommend implementing an electronic reminder procedure to ensure renewals are booked as appropriate and are included in the annual review of staff’s training needs.
There are many paediatric first aid courses available on the market. Whichever course a childcare professional chooses it must meet the requirements of the EYFS and Ofsted.
Did you know Schools and nurseries are common sites for transmission of infections? This is because children are particularly susceptible to infections because:
To assist you in effectively minimising the spread of infection in your setting, and complying with section 3.2 EYFS, 2017, you will find guidance on infection control on the most recent poster from Public Health England.
Read more details on Public Health Englands's guidance.
Detailed support on behaviour can be found on the BACME pages
Providers are responsible for managing children's behaviour in an appropriate way.
We recommend that they have and implement a behaviour management policy, and procedures:
Providers must not give corporal punishment to a child, nor threaten it.
Providers must take all reasonable steps to ensure that corporal punishment is not given by any person who cares for or is in regular contact with a child, or by any person living or working in the premises where care is provided.
Any early years provider who fails to meet these requirements commits an offence.
A person will not be taken to have used corporal punishment (and therefore will not have committed an offence), where physical intervention was taken for the purposes of averting immediate danger of personal injury to any person (including the child) or to manage a child’s behaviour if absolutely necessary.
Providers, including childminders, must keep a record of any occasion where physical intervention is used, and parents and/or carers must be informed on the same day, or as soon as reasonably practicable.
The PACEY Accident, Incident and Medication Book has a section where physical intervention can be recorded.
Raising children is tough especially when it comes to discipline it can be difficult to know how best to react when a child is misbehaving. Increasingly, families want to adopt ‘positive parenting' techniques for disciplining children such as encouragement, rewarding good behaviour and setting clear boundaries and to move away from aggressive reactions like shouting or smacking.
To help parents, NSPCC Wales is launching its own positive parenting campaign, Take 5. It urges parents of children aged between one and four to stop - breathe - and react calmly when dealing with tantrums, difficult behaviour and other challenging parenting situations.
Childcare providers can also refer to the Schools Behaviour policy and guidance section, where there is advice about how schools can develop their behaviour policy, so the same principles could be applied to childcare providers.
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